How is prediabetes diagnosed?

How is prediabetes diagnosed?

If your GP does a blood test they will be looking at the glucose levels in your blood. This test is commonly referred to as HbA1c and is your average blood glucose level over the previous 3 months. The results will fall into one of three categories:

  • Your blood glucose levels are normal
  • Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal
  • You have type 2 diabetes

Click below to find out what these results mean:

If your blood glucose levels are normal that’s great but you may still be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. It’s important to keep managing your weight, eat healthily, and be more active

If your blood glucose levels are higher than normal it means that you don’t have type 2 diabetes yet, but you’re at very high risk of developing it. This can sometimes be referred to as prediabetes. You should have a blood test once a year to monitor your glucose levels and should follow advice to prevent yourself from developing diabetes

If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you might be asked for another blood sample to confirm the result. The diagnosis can come as a bit of a shock but it’s important to remember that there is a lot of support available and that remission is possible  – which means that your blood glucose levels return to a healthy level without taking any diabetes medication




Comments:

  1. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 2:55 PM

    I think we need to make clear there are options for diagnosis here

    change to

    Your GP may recommend a blood test to look at glucose levels in your blood. Tests commonly used include HbA1c, fasting blood glucose and an oral glucose tolerance test.

    (accordion)

    HbA1c
    A HbA1c is a single blood test that shows your average blood glucose level over the last three months. A high fasting HbA1c can represent prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

    Fasting blood glucose
    A single blood test taken after a period of eating no food (fasting). A high fasting blood glucose level can represent prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

    Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
    An oral glucose tolerance test involves having your blood glucose measured after a period when you not had any food or drink for 8 to 10 hours, usually first thing in the morning. You will then be given a glucose drink and your blood glucose will be measured again usually after 2 hours. A high blood glucose level after 2 hours can be a sign of prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

    The results of one of these tests will fall into one of three categories:

    Your blood glucose levels are normal
    Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal
    You have type 2 diabetes

    Click below to find out what these results mean:




  2. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 2:56 PM

    If your blood glucose levels are normal that’s great but you may still be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. It’s important to keep managing your weight, eat healthily, and be more active

    change to

    If your blood glucose levels are normal, that’s great! However, you may still be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. It’s important to eat healthily and keep active to help you aim for a healthy weight




  3. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 2:57 PM

    Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal

    to

    Your blood glucose levels are higher than normal (prediabetes)




  4. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 2:57 PM

    Higher than normal

    to

    Higher than normal (prediabetes)




  5. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 3:05 PM

    If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you might be asked for another blood sample to confirm the result. The diagnosis can come as a bit of a shock but it’s important to remember that there is a lot of support available and that remission is possible – which means that your blood glucose levels return to a healthy level without taking any diabetes medication

    to

    If your test results suggest you have type 2 diabetes, you might be asked for another blood sample to confirm the result. The diagnosis can come as a shock but it’s important to remember that there is a lot of support available and that remission, where your blood glucose levels can return to a normal level without diabetes medications, is possible.




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