What are the risks of developing type 2 diabetes?

What are the risks of developing type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes can cause some serious complications to a number of organs in the body if blood glucose levels are not well managed over time.

Most of the complications associated with diabetes begin in a similar way with damage to the blood vessels. Blood vessels are the tubes that carry blood, which contains vital oxygen and nutrients, to all the major organs. 

High blood glucose levels over time can damage the lining of blood vessels which can cause fatty deposits to build up and harden (known as atherosclerosis). This can lead to the narrowing of the blood vessel which reduces blood flow.

Diseases affecting the blood vessels are the most common long-term complications and affect many of our vital organs. Click below to find out more:

Having high blood glucose levels over time causes damage to your blood vessels which can lead to serious heart complications such as heart attacks and stroke.

People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain risk factors for heart disease such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

kidney diagramThe kidneys are the body’s filters, and they help eliminate waste products from the body.

High levels of blood glucose levels over a prolonged time can cause damage to the kidneys. The kidney’s filtering process can become leaky, and over time kidney function can decline, leading to a build-up of waste products.

EyePeople with diabetes are at a higher risk of eye disease. These include problems such as cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is the term used to describe the damaging effects of diabetes on the back of the eye due to high blood glucose levels which can occur due to poorly controlled diabetes.


Diabetes can cause a number of problems to the feet and all of them develop through a similar process as other long-term complications.

Raised blood glucose levels for a long time cause damage to blood vessels. Further, this can lead to damage to the nerves which causes a loss of feeling in the feet and poor blood supply to the legs.

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