Who’s at risk?

Who’s at risk?

Figures from Diabetes UK show that 13.6 million people are now at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the UK.

There are certain factors that put you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These include:

Age: If you’re over the age of 40 or over 25 if you are African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian

Weight: If you are overweight, especially if you carry your weight around your middle

Ethnicity: People of African-Caribbean, Black African, and South Asian descent are two to four times more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

Family history: You are two to six times more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you have a parent, brother, sister, or child with diabetes

Blood pressure: If you’ve ever had high blood pressure this increases your risk

Other factors

There are a number of other factors that can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, these include:

Smoking is a major risk factor for many diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smoking is also associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes

person sitting at desk

This is described as spending long periods being inactive. For example, sitting at a desk working, sitting or lying on the sofa, travelling for long periods of time in the car, bus, or other forms of public transport. These factors contribute to a sedentary lifestyle

If you have had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) then you have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Heavy drinking can increase insulin resistance which means that your body doesn't respond as well to insulin. Very heavy drinking over time can lead to chronic pancreatitis, which results in diabetes developing because of damage to insulin-producing cells

Long-term stress, anxiety, and other mental health conditions can increase our risks of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, due to the impact on our blood pressure, physical activity levels, sleep patterns, and overall well-being

This is a condition that affects the ovaries, the part of the female reproductive system that stores and releases eggs for fertilisation. In PCOS, the ovaries can become enlarged and contain multiple small fluid-filled sacs called follicles. People with this condition have a higher risk of developing type 2 due to insulin resistance and higher levels of insulin circulating in the bloodstream


  1. Comment by Scott. M. on 09/11/2022 at 1:06 PM

    could you put gestational at the end of the list before PCOS – then first 4 are applicable to everyone

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